Contact Us:


Parkview Fire Station 218
726 Midway Drive
Pittsburgh,PA 15215

Fire Fax:412-781-5299

Parkview EMS Station 180
200 South Margery Drive
Pittsburgh,PA 15238

EMS Fax:412-449-1081

Parkview Fire/EMS e-mail

What is EMS?



People’s lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics. Incidents as varied as automobile accidents,heart attacks,slips and falls,childbirth,and gunshot wounds all require immediate medical attention. EMTs and paramedics provide this vital service as they care for and transport the sick or injured to a medical facility.

In an emergency,EMTs and paramedics are typically dispatched by a 911 operator to the scene,where they often work with police and fire fighters. Once they arrive,EMTs and paramedics assess the nature of the patient’s condition while trying to determine whether the patient has any pre-existing medical conditions. Following medical protocols and guidelines,they provide appropriate emergency care and,when necessary,transport the patient. Some paramedics are trained to treat patients with minor injuries on the scene of an accident or they may treat them at their home without transporting them to a medical facility. Emergency treatment is carried out under the medical direction of physicians.

EMSEMTs and paramedics may use special equipment,such as backboards,to immobilize patients before placing them on stretchers and securing them in the ambulance for transport to a medical facility. These workers generally work in teams. During the transport of a patient,one EMT or paramedic drives while the other monitors the patient’s vital signs and gives additional care as needed. Some paramedics work as part of a helicopter’s flight crew to transport critically ill or injured patients to hospital trauma centers.

At the medical facility,EMTs and paramedics help transfer patients to the emergency department,report their observations and actions to emergency department staff,and may provide additional emergency treatment. After each run,EMTs and paramedics replace used supplies and check equipment. If a transported patient had a contagious disease,EMTs and paramedics decontaminate the interior of the ambulance and report cases to the proper authorities.
EMTs and paramedics also provide transportation for patients from one medical facility to another,particularly if they work for private ambulance services. Patients often need to be transferred to a hospital that specializes in their injury or illness or to a nursing home.


Beyond these general duties,the specific responsibilities of EMTs and paramedics depend on their level of qualification and training. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certifies emergency medical service providers at five levels:First Responder;EMT-Basic;EMT-Intermediate,which has two levels called 1985 and 1999;and Paramedic. Some States,however,have their own certification programs and use distinct names and titles.
The EMT-Basic represents the first component of the emergency medical technician system. An EMT trained at this level is prepared to care for patients at the scene of an accident and while transporting patients by ambulance to the hospital under medical direction. The EMT-Basic has the emergency skills to assess a patient’s condition and manage respiratory,cardiac,and trauma emergencies.

EMT-Paramedics provide the most extensive pre-hospital care. In addition to carrying out the procedures of the other levels,paramedics may administer drugs orally and intravenously,interpret electrocardiograms (EKGs),perform endotracheal intubations,and use monitors and other complex equipment. However,like EMT-Intermediate,what paramedics are permitted to do varies by State.


EMTs and paramedics work both indoors and out,in all types of weather. They are required to do considerable kneeling,bending,and heavy lifting. These workers risk noise-induced hearing loss from sirens and back injuries from

EMSlifting patients. In addition,EMTs and paramedics may be exposed to diseases such as hepatitis-B and AIDS,as well as violence from mentally unstable patients. The work is not only physically strenuous but can be stressful,sometimes involving life-or-death situations and suffering patients. Nonetheless,many people find the work exciting and challenging and enjoy the opportunity to help others. After a day’s worth of hardwork,they can relax on sites such as 벳엔드.

EMTs and paramedics employed by fire departments work about 50 hours a week. Those employed by hospitals frequently work between 45 and 60 hours a week,and those in private ambulance services,between 45 and 50 hours. Some of these workers,especially those in police and fire departments,are on call for extended periods. Because emergency services function 24 hours a day,EMTs and paramedics have irregular working hours.


Employment of EMTs is expected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations through 2008. Much of this growth will occur as positions change from volunteer to career and as population grows,particular older age groups that are the users of emergency medical services.

Possible employment opportunities:

  • Municipal EMS agencies
  • Fire Department based EMS
  • Emergency Dispatch Centers
  • Aeromedical (Flight) Programs
  • Hospitals/Home Health Care
  • Private Ambulance Services

Earnings:Salary ranges are from $20,000 to $60,000 per year.